Exploring lateralized sensorimotor processing using somatosensory evoked potentials

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Differences exist between the two upper limbs in the chosen motor control strategy when moving in dynamic environments. To date, a large body of literature has explored these differences but few studies have incorporated neurophysiological data to support their findings. By utilizing somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) we can gain insight into the underlying neurological processes at the levels of the spinal cord and the cortex in response to movement and motor learning. The research conducted showed greater accuracy in the non-dominant limb following a novel tracing task. This was complimented by differential SEP peak amplitudes in the pathways that reflect cerebellar activation and sensorimotor integration. Additionally, the research also showed that when motor task acquisition occurs in the presence of sensory perturbations, the non-dominant limb is more accurate than a control group and there are differential changes in peaks reflecting the primary somatosensory cortex and the cerebellum
Somatosensory evoked potentials, Laterality, Sensorimotor integrations, Motor learning, Motor control