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Now showing 1 - 5 of 9

Recent Submissions

Modeling and analysis of Regional Haul Steer (RHS) truck tire model
(2024-04-01) Khosravi, Mehran; El-Gindy, Moustafa; El-Sayegh, Zeinab
In this thesis, the RHS truck tire size 315/80R22.5 was developed using Finite Element Analysis and several material properties. The tire model was then validated using static and dynamic testing, against physical measurements provided by the manufacturer. A simulation model of flooded and snow terrain was then developed using the Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics technique and hydrodynamic elastic-plastic material model. The tire-terrain interaction characteristics were then evaluated over flooded and snow surfaces. The interaction characteristics included the rolling resistance, cornering force, self-aligning moment, and overturning moment. The analysis was performed at different operating conditions including terrain depth, longitudinal speed, and vertical loads. In general, the results from both surfaces exhibited similar trends, even though the values were not the same. Future work involves the utilization of genetic algorithms to generate semi-empirical relationships, as well as the implementation of temperature and wear models for the RHS tire.
Autonomous UAV-UGV robot collaboration for exploration and mapping of unknown environments
(2024-04-01) Khabbaz, Noor; Nokleby, Scott
This thesis addresses the limitations of existing approaches to autonomous exploration and mapping of unknown environments that use multiple Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs). An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is introduced into the multirobot system to overcome the challenges of relative localization and obstacle detection. A novel method is proposed for autonomously determining the UGVs’ starting poses using ArUco markers visible to the UAV, resulting in the initialization of a global merged map. A second method is developed to overcome UGV obstacle detection limitations. UAV depth camera data is processed to detect and incorporate previously unseen obstacles into the UGVs’ navigation schemes, enabling avoidance. Experimental validation demonstrates the effectiveness of both methods in enhancing system autonomy. The integration of a UAV into multi-robot systems presents a promising solution to address UGVs’ localization challenges and limited field of view to improve their functionality in hazardous environments.
Characterization of apoptotic cell death in bovine red blood cells
(2024-04-01) Kennedy, Bailey; Qadri, Syed
Red blood cells (RBCs) in mammalian species display phenotypic variations in cellular functions and metabolism ascribed to their compositional and morphological differences. After accruing stress-induced damages, organelle-free human RBCs display a specialized apoptotic cell death process characterized by breakdown of normal phospholipid cell membrane architecture. This process facilitates swift phagocytic recognition and catabolism of apoptotic RBCs, which could significantly curtail their lifespan in circulation. Due to multiple phospholipid anomalies in bovine RBCs, their cell death machinery is not completely understood. Herein, we observed that bovine RBCs display differential cell death patterns in response to various pathophysiologic cell stressors in vitro as compared to human RBCs, which were only partly explained by increased Ca2+ influx and oxidative stress. In conclusion, premature cell death of circulating bovine RBCs could potentially contribute to the pathogenesis of anemia in cattle of varying etiology. The present observations may have relevance to livestock health and productivity.
Analysis of microgrid with renewable generation and energy storage system
(2024-03-01) Jadeja, Prachal; Sood, Vijay
The widespread integration of converter-fed renewable energy sources (RESs) and supported by energy storage systems (ESSs), along with their associated challenges, is causing a pressing need to reconsider the operation of distribution networks. Microgrids (MGs) appear as a practical solution to accommodate these RESs and ESSs. This thesis conducts an in-depth analysis of the design and modeling of a generic MG that integrates RESs and ESSs, incorporating a fuzzy logic controller (FLC)-based energy management system (EMS). The MG operation is evaluated in both grid-connected and islanded modes. A frequency analysis reveals that the point of common coupling (PCC) frequency is controlled within the operational range of ± 0.3 Hz, according to IEEE Standard I547. This control is achieved using a combination of battery and supercapacitor ESS in both operational modes. A comparative evaluation of Proportional Integrator (PI) v/s Proportional Resonant (PR) controllers for current controllers for the MG to reduce the amount of total harmonic distortion (THD) at PCC is conducted. Dynamic testing of MG is also conducted under various loading conditions, encompassing small-, medium-, and large-signal changes. The results prove that the PCC voltages are effectively kept within the typical range of ± 0.05 pu through the FLC-based EMS.
An investigation of the environmental factors that affect water quality and the occurrence of harmful cyanobacteria in stormwater management ponds
(2024-04-01) Horton, Kaitlyn; Kirkwood, Andrea
Stormwater management ponds (SWMP) have an important role in flood mitigation and basic water quality treatment via sedimentation. As aquatic ecosystems, less is known about their role as habitats for aquatic organisms and their potential to transform pollutants. This study focused on twelve SWMP in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada to assess the impacts of flow conditions and pond characteristics on SWMP water quality treatment and algal growth, including toxic cyanobacteria. Net release of total phosphorus (TP) and net retention of total nitrogen (TN) by SWMP were observed. Flow conditions had little affect on the overall functioning of the study SWMP. Large pond designs and recent dredging were observed to positively influence the reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), TN, and TP net release from SWMP. Algae and cyanobacteria were observed to be generally N-limited. The presence of the cyanobacterial toxin gene mcyE was positively associated with chloride and heterocyst-forming cyanobacteria.